A comparative study of motivational levels for rural and urban
teachers in Masvingo district, Zimbabwe
Accepted 10th January,
Takupiwa N*, Herbert Z,
Nhamo M, Willard N, Alick M, Honest M and Farai M
Department of Human Resource Management, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe.
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study examined the differences in motivational levels of urban
and rural school teachers in Zimbabwe. The purpose of the study
was to identify, document and provide strategies that minimize
the differences in levels of job satisfaction and motivation
between teachers who are based in rural areas and those who are
based in urban centres. A descriptive survey design was employed
to carry out the research. Purposive sampling technique was used
to select respondents. The findings indicated that there were
major disparities in respect of teacher motivation in rural and
urban areas. This is basically because of poor working
conditions, low salaries, limited opportunities for promotion
and growth and poor management systems exhibited in rural areas.
Urban schools in Zimbabwe are better equipped and teachers get
an additional allowance from School Development Committees (SDC)
to augment their salaries from government. Urban school teachers
also enjoy favorable promotional and growth opportunities
because of their proximity to centres of power and University
education. The study recommended that the government should
improve working conditions for rural school teachers, provide
opportunities for growth and train and develop heads of schools
to equip them with modern management skills and techniques that
are based on employee motivation.
Cite this article as:
Takupiwa N, Herbert Z, Nhamo M,
Willard N, Alick M, Honest M and Farai M (2013). A comparative study of
motivational levels for rural and urban teachers in Masvingo district, Zimbabwe.
J. Bus. Econ. Manage. 1(2): 18-24.
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