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Research Article

Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 7(10): 243-250, Oct 2019
DOI: 10.15413/ajar.2019.0144
ISSN: 2315-7739
2019 Academia Publishing

Abstract

 

Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plants species

Accepted 16th July 2019
 

Shabana Irum1*, Farhat ali khan1, Faisal Nouroz2,7, Nazia Tahir3*, Aman Ullah3, Adnan Tahir4, Talmiz Ur Rahman5 and Shazia Erum6

1Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan.
2 Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan and
3Department of Agriculture, Abdul Wali khan University, Mardan, Pakistan.
4Department Agriculture, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
5Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing-China.
6Plant Genetic Resource Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan.
7Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Leicester, UK.

 

Pathogenic disorders are increasing day by day. To escape these diseases, it is compulsory to explore bioactive compounds present in medicinal plants which are effective against these pathogenic diseases. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the phytochemical compounds and antimicrobial activity of the extracts of selected medicinal plants. Bioactive compounds such as Saponin, Tannins, Quinones, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phenols, Coumarin, Terpenoids, Glycosides and Cardiac glycosides were screened from selected seven medicinal plants with variation between individual plants. The bioactive compounds were obtained from the leaves of selected medicinal plants species (Cymbopogon citrates Stapf (DC.), Thymus vulgaris L., Lavandula angustifolia Miler., Rosmarinus officinalis L., Carica papaya L., Ocimum americanum L. and Ocimum basilicum L) to screen the antimicrobial activity of selected pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Xanthomonas oryzae and Staphylococcus aureus using disc diffusion method. The Ethanolic extract of C. citratus presented the highest anti-X. oryzae activity among all the tested plants and was effective against all bacterial strains tested. Thereafter, all the remaining plants extracts of T. vulgaris, L. angustifolia, O. basilicum, O. americanum, R. officinalis and C. papaya showed also a valuable activity against X. oryzae, S. aureus and E. coli. We conclude from this that all these extracts exhibit amazing antimicrobial properties that support their traditional use as antiseptics.

Key words: Medicinal plants, bacterial strains, antimicrobial activity, phytochemical analysis, ethanolic extracts, bioactive compounds.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:

Irum S, Farhat AK, Faisal N, Nazia T, Aman U, Adnan T, Talmiz UR and Shazia E (2019). Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plants species. Acad. J. Agric. Res. 7(10): 243-250.

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