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Research Article

Academia Journal of Food Research 9(2): 032-037, August 2021
DOI: 10.15413/ajfr.2021.0104
ISSN 2315-7763
2021 Academia Publishing

Abstract

 

Effects of different substrates as medium for mushrooms cultivation

 

Accepted 6th October, 2021
 

Kristine N. Haukongo1*, Lydia N. Horn2 and Muvari C. Tjiurutue1

1Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia.
2Zero Emissions Research Initiative, Multidisciplinary Research Centre, University of Namibia.
 

Different Mushrooms species prefer different substrates as growth medium. For example, medicinal mushrooms such as Shiitake, pearl and yellow oysters grow better on straws and gourmet. Reishi and Maitake grow better on sawdust and logs, whereas Agaricus mushrooms are grown on manure with the likes of button mushrooms, portobella mushrooms. As a result, mushrooms have gained interest around the world, not only because mushroom are easily cultivated using locally available agricultural waste, but also because mushrooms contribute to employment and reduce food scarcity, while meeting nutritional and health demands. In Namibia, mushroom cultivation is not well exploited due to various factors such as unfavourable climatic conditions and suitable mushroom strains. Different encroacher bushes and other related crop residues can be studied to establish the variation of mushroom nutrition and therapeutic properties as a result of mushrooms growing on different substrates. Therefore, the utilization of encroacher bushes locally could also contribute towards rangeland restoration and creating economic opportunities. This review aims at investigating the importance of mushrooms production at local levels using alternative materials as substrates in comparison to other countries as case studies.

Key words: Bush encroachment, employment creation, mushrooms, nutrition, substrates.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Haukongo KN, Horn LN, Tjiurutue MC (2021). Effects of different substrates as medium for mushrooms cultivation. Acad. J. Food. 9(2): 032-037.

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