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  1. Acad. J. Med. Plant.


Research Article

Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants 7(7): 165-168, July 2019
DOI: 10.15413/ajmp.2019.0146
ISSN: 2315-7720
2019 Academia Publishing


Comparative study of long term consumption of Corchorus olitorius (Ewedu) and Ocimum gratissimum (Efirin) Diet-inclusion on male Wistar rat

Accepted 10th July, 2019


Kunle Ogungbemi1*, Ilesanmi F.F1, Odeniyi T. A.1, Ilori A.O.1, Oke O.A.1, Ogungbemi A. M.2, Balogun B.1 and Ogunremi O.B3

1Department of Chemistry/Biochemistry, Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Crop production and soil science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria.
3Outreach Department, Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.



This study was carried out to determine the effects of long term consumption of different levels of Corchorus olitorius and Ocimum gratissimum diet-inclusion on male Wistar rat. A total of thirty-five (35) rats (average weight of 80 g10g) were purchased and randomly allotted into seven (7) treatment groups with graded levels of C. olitorius and O. gratissimum (2.5, 5, and 10%) while the control had neither C. olitorius nor O. gratissimum. The feed intakes, weight performance and also their histology of the experimental rats were monitored for eight weeks. The results obtained showed that the highest level of feed intake was recorded for animals in the group fed with 10% level of C. olitorius supplementation when compared with other treatment groups. A similar result was observed for the weight performance which can be attributed to the efficient utilization of feed consumption. Also, group of rats fed with the lowest supplementation (2.5%) of O. gratissimum showed a significant increase (P< 0.05) in the feed intake than the group fed with the highest supplementation (10%). Also, the weight gain by the rats fed 2.5% of O. gratissimum diet supplementation had the highest weight gain. The observable increase in the feed intake, weight gain and feed efficiency observed in the lowest supplementation level (2.5%) can be attributed to the spicing and seasoning of food with O. gratissimum and as such could also increase the palatability of the food. Therefore, it can be concluded that the leaves of C. olitorius are palatable and highly nutritious and can improve growth performance. Whereas, it can also be found that 2.5% O. gratissimum supplementation had better palatability than other experimental diets which reflected on the performance characteristics of this treatment and imposed an adverse effect with increasing dosage at 10% O. gratissimum. Thus, intake of C. olitorius should be encouraged while O. gratissimum is advised to be taken as a spice, not as a soup.

Key words: Corchorus olitorius, Ocimum gratissimum, Feed intake, Feed efficiency, Weight performance, Wistar rat.

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Ogungbemi K, Ilesanmi FF, Odeniyi TA, Ilori AO, Oke OA, Ogungbemi AM, Balogun B, Ogunremi OB (2019). Comparative study of long term consumption of Corchorus olitorius (Ewedu) and Ocimum gratissimum (Efirin) Diet-inclusion on male Wistar rat. Acad. J. Med. Plants. 7(7): 165-168

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