Nutritional and Antinutritional Characteristics
of an edible fungus,
Pleorotus tuber regium.
Accepted 3rd March, 2016
W. Braide1, P.B. Lugbe2,
R.N. Nwaoguikpe4, E.E. Mike-Anosike
1, S.C. Onyewenjo3, C.V.
Uzoh1, I. J. Akien-Alli2
and S.A Adeleye1 .
1Department of Microbiology, Federal
University of Technology, P.M.B. 1526, Owerri,
Imo State, Nigeria. 2Department of
Science Laboratory Technology, Rivers State
Polytechnic, Bori, Rivers State, Nigeria. 3Department
of Biology/ Microbiology, Federal Polytechnic,
Nekede, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
4Department of Biochemistry, Federal
University of Technology, P.M.B 1526, Owerri,
Imo State, Nigeria.
The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of an edible mushroom,
Pleorotus tuber regium
was investigated using standard methods. High contents of
carbohydrate and protein suggest gross energy and ability to avert malnutrition
resulting from insufficient proteins in the diets of humans. The presence of
crude fibre and ash is significant in aiding bowel movement and minerals in the
body respectively. High moisture may prone the product to spoilage by
micro-organisms especially moulds. Phytochemicals such as oxalate, alkaloids and
phytic acids are present and could be responsible for the antimicrobial
activities previously reported. All the samples contained amino acids and
minerals such as zinc, potassium, magnesium, calcium and sodium. Amino acids
aids in the synthesis of proteins whereas minerals helps to maintain electrolyte
balance, neuro-transmission and development of strong bones and teeth. It is
therefore recommended that while consumption of the products should be
encouraged because of its nutrients and phytochemical properties, good
manufacturing practice (GMP) and safe storage conditions should be enforced to
reduce risk associated with mycotoxins produced by moulds.
This is an open
access article published under the terms of the
Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,
distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original work is properly cited.
Cite this article as: Braide W, Lugbe PB, Nwaoguikpe RN, Mike-Anosike
EE, Onyewenjo SC, Uzoh CV, Akien-Alli IJ, Adeleye SA (2016). Nutritional and
Antinutritional Characteristics of an edible fungus, Pleorotus tuber regium.
Acad. J. Microbiol. Res. 4(4): 057-061.