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Research Article

Academia Journal of Microbiology Research 9(3): 043-049, August 2021
DOI: 10.15413/ajmr.2021.0107
ISSN 2315-7771
2021 Academia Publishing


Abstract


Baits spacing effects of ant richness, abundance, and composition in Dinder National Park, Sudan
 

Accepted 2nd June, 2021


Khalid A E Eisawi1,2*, Hong He1, Tayyab Shaheen1 and Abdul Ghaffar Khoso3

1College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.
2College of Forest & Rangeland, University of East Kordofan, Rashad, South Kordofan, Sudan.
3College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.

 

Baits commonly study terrestrial and arboreal ants' behavior and measure the ant species richness and abundance. Although baiting is easy and cheap to implement, several considerations, such as the spacing among bait, can affect the estimation of the abundance and richness of ants species. We evaluated whether the distance between baits affects estimates of ant richness and abundance. We found that the distance between baits produces the strongest relationship between the number of species sampled and the cost, which is the aim of most environmental impact reports. We sampled 30 transects of 100 m with a distance between different baits (2.5; 3.4; 5; 6.7; 10 and 20 m), distributed over an area of 1 km2 in Dinder National Park located in Sudan. Regardless of the distance between baits, the number of species collected was about 8 for every five baits, with an estimated abundance of more than 50 individuals. However, the number of species per bait was higher in transects with a larger gap between baits. Transects with bait spans of 20 and 10 m captured 50% more species per bait than transects with baits 2.5 and 3.4 m apart. According to our results, the most effective bait sampling technique at this Park will be to add 450 baits every 10 or 20 m.

Key words:
Abundance, baits, distance, estimation, Dinder National Park, Sudan.

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Khalid AEE, Hong H, Tayyab S, Abdul Ghaffar K (2021). Baits spacing effects of ant richness, abundance, and composition in Dinder National Park, Sudan. Acad. J. Microbiol. Res. 9(3): 043-049.

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