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Research Article

Academia Journal of Microbiology Research 9(1): 001-006, January 2020
DOI: 10.15413/ajmr.2020.1252
ISSN 2315-7771
©2018 Academia Publishing


Abstract


Evaluation of the diagnostic profile of coronavirus disease 2019 in Fortaleza – Ceará, Brazil.
 

Accepted 27th December, 2020


Yhasmine Delles Oliveira Garcia¹*, Aurineide de Almeida Braga2, Fernanda Montenegro de Carvalho Araújo3, Anne Carolline Bezerra Perdigão4, Juliana Correa da Costa Ribeiro5, Regina Célia Farias Barbosa6, AlannaPalhano Vieira7, Isabella Araújo Duarte8, Beatrice Araújo Duarte9, Romélia Pinheiro Gonçalves Lemes10, Fernando Barroso Duarte11

1Federal University of Ceará –Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
2Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
3Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
4Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
5Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) –Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
6Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
7Central de Análises Clínicas (CAC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
8Centro Universitário Christus - Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
9Centro Universitário Christus - Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
10Federal Universityof Ceará – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
11Walter CantídioUniversity Hospital - Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.
 

The study evaluated the clinical profile of patients seeking a diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 in a private laboratory in northeastern Brazil. The data were obtained in a reference laboratory in Fortaleza, Ceará during the period from April 9 to June 16, 2020, by analyzing the form. The absolute and relative frequencies were calculated and the association between the variables was performed with the chi-square using the GraphPad Prism program. the level of significance was 5%. A total of 2049 patients were analyzed, most of them female (56.56%), with an average age of 45.16±18 years, living mainly in the city of Fortaleza-Ce. 1066 exams were performed by the RT-PCR method, 695 tests by the immunochromatographic method and 282 serological tests with positive detection of SARS-CoV-2 of 42.06%. Among detected cases, 56.51% of the patients had IgG/IgM antibodies. The age group with the highest number of cases was between 30 and 39 years of age, which the main symptoms reported were headache (36.40%), cough (29.62%), weakness (29.68%), fever (27.42%). Cardiovascular diseases (13.14%) and diabetes (7.36%) are previous cited comorbitides. At the time of diagnosis 83.61% of the patients were not in medication use. From the positive cases, 45.03% of the patients had contact with a suspected case. Therefore, the diagnosis and clinical recognition of patients with COVID-19 are essential for public policy measures in view of the current situation of combating the new coronavirus.

Key words: Coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, pandemic, diagnosis.

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Garcia YDO, Braga AdA, Araujo FMdC, Perdigao ACB, Ribeiro JCdC, Barbosa RCF, Vieira AP, Duarte IA, Duarte BA, Lemes RPG, Duarte FB (2021). Evaluation of the diagnostic profile of coronavirus disease 2019 in Fortaleza – Ceará, Brazil. Acad. J. Microbiol. Res. 9(1): 001-006.

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