Academia Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (AJPP) is an international open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes articles concerned with Pharmacy practice, Pharmaceutical sciences, Medicinal chemistry, Pharmacognosy, Biological properties, Drug systems and Manufacturing, Vaccines, including their Design and Manipulation in the field.
Article Topics include: Pharmacies, Pharmacists, Pharmaconomists, Medicinal chemistry, Pharmacy education, Pharmaceutical industry, Pharmaceuticals policy, Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology, Medicinal herbs and fungi, Medicinal plants, Biology and pharmacology of chemical elements, Biotechnology, Medical treatments, Chemopreventive agents, Food and Drug Administration, Pharmacologists, Drugs, Cancer treatments, Drug delivery devices.
• Professor in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmacognosy), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Egypt, 2006.
• Associate Professor in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmacognosy), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Egypt, 2000.
• Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmacognosy), Faculty of Pharmacy,
University of Alexandria, Egypt, 1991.
• Master Degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmacognosy), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Egypt, 1986.
• Bachelor degree of Pharmaceutical Sciences, faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Egypt, 1981.
Pharmacy is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.
The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications, and it also includes more modern services related to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize medication use to provide patients with positive health outcomes.
An establishment in which pharmacy (in the first sense) is practiced is called a pharmacy, chemist's or drugstore. In the United States and Canada, drug stores commonly sell not only medicines, but also miscellaneous items such as candy (sweets), cosmetics, and magazines, as well as light refreshments or groceries.
The word pharmacy is derived from its root word pharma which was a term used since the 15th–17th centuries. However, the original Greek roots from "Pharmakos" imply sorcery or even poison. In addition to pharma responsibilities, the pharma offered general medical advice and a range of services that are now performed solely by other specialist practitioners, such as surgery and midwifery. The pharma (as it was referred to) often operated through a retail shop which, in addition to ingredients for medicines, sold tobacco and patent medicines. The pharmas also used many other herbs not listed. The Greek word Pharmakeia derives from pharmakon meaning "drug" or "medicine" (the earliest form of the word is the Mycenaean Greek pa-ma-ko, attested in Linear B syllabic script).
In its investigation of herbal and chemical ingredients, the work of the pharma may be regarded as a precursor of the modern sciences of chemistry and pharmacology, prior to the formulation of the scientific method.