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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 7(7): 419-422, July 2019
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2019.0203
ISSN: 2315-7712
©2019 Academia Publishing 

Abstract

 


Methanol releated deaths in Adana, Turkey
 

 

Accepted 31st July, 2019

 
Kenan Kaya1*, Özgenur Köken Tok2, Aybike Dip1, Ahmet Hilal2 and Necmi Çekin1,2

1Ministry of Justice, Council of Forensic Medicine, Adana, Turkey.
2Department of Forensic Medicine, Cukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

 

Methanol is a clear, colorless, and highly toxic substance that is commonly used as industrial solvents, paints, varnishes, gasoline mixtures, and various solvents and antifreeze in automobiles. It is obtained from the destructive distillation of wood. Methanol, due to its taste and smell is a non-drinking type of alcohol. It is available for use orally after distillation techniques and frequently used in illegal drink production because of its cheapness and availability. It is also tradiational for the people who are living in the villages, especially in cukurova region, to produce their own 'RAKI' from either grapes, figs or plums. The production of homemade and handmade alcohol drink called ''BOGMA RAKI'' is frequent in this region. The goal of this study is to examine methanol-related deaths in the Adana, Cukurova region of Turkey. Autopsy records of the Forensic Medicine Council of Adana Branch, Morgue Department were reviewed. Seventy-eight (78) autopsy cases due to methanol poisoning were examined retrospectively in the Morgue Department, Council of Forensic Medicine Adana Group Administration from May, 2016 to 2017. These cases were classified according to their age, gender, death place, city and methanol blood levels. Illicit drugs were also examined in blood samples of these cases. This is a preventable condition. If early diagnosis and treatment is provided, permanent neurological disorders can be prevented. Hence, measures should be taken to prevent the construction and sale of illegal drinks, and public information be provided through public spots and city bulletin boards. Healthcare professionals should also be given training in this area, especially in cases of loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, or acute vision loss.

Key words: Methanol, intoxication, death, blindness.

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Kaya K, Tok ÖK, Dip A, Hilal A, Çekin N (2019). Methanol releated deaths in Adana, Turkey. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 7(7): 419-422.

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