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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 7(9): 528-537, September 2019
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2019.0115
ISSN: 2315-7712
2019 Academia Publishing 

Abstract

 


Agro-climatology assessment of Moghan and Gilan Plains for the development of olive (Olea europaea) cultivation, Iran
 

Accepted 7th February 2019

 
V. Safarian Zangir1* and M. K. Kianian2

1Department of Climatology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran.
2Desert Studies Faculty, Semnan University, Iran.

 

Olive (Olea europaea) is the oldest plant used in the world. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of climate parameters on the yield of olive oil, which has been used for multi-criteria decision making. The data used in this study are total annual precipitation, average minimum temperature, average maximum temperature, average temperature, germination temperature, flowering temperature, humidity, elevation, gradient, evaporation and freezing. In this study, eleven (11) climatic variables of Moghan plain and nine climate variables in Gilan province were investigated with respect to the zoning of olive climate. In order to measure the land suitability of Moghan and Gilan plains for olive cultivation, eight stations were used since the beginning of the year until 1394. The final results indicate that the two factors of precipitation and height are the most important factors affecting the olive because these two factors have the most weight among other parameters. According to the results of Topsis and VIKOR, with respect to ranking and weighting to each of the indicators, Garmi and Roodbar were 97 and 58%, respectively, and Pars Abad and Manjil with the amount 03/0 and 20/0 earned the last rank in the field of crop cultivation. According to the VIKOR model, the Q value of the studied climatic indexes, Garmi and Rudbar stations, ranked # 1 in the best condition for olive but Parsabad farming Rasht is ranked 4th in the worst situation.

Key words: Olive, Moghan and Gilan plains, VIKOR, topsis.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:

Zangir VS, Kianian MK (2019). Agro-climatology assessment of Moghan and Gilan Plains for the development of olive (Olea europaea) cultivation, Iran. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 7(9): 528-537.

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