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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research Research 8(4): 132-139, April, 2020
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2020.0107
ISSN: 2315-7712
2020 Academia Publishing 

Abstract


Integrated river basin management approach to support flood disaster strategies for the Pahang River Basin, Malaysia
 

Accepted 14th February 2020

Elfithri, R.1, Abdullah, M. P.2, Mokhtar, M. B.1, Toriman, M. E.3, Embi, A. F.4, Maulud, K. N. A.4, Salleh, S.1 and Syah, S. H.2

1Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Faculty of Science and Technology (FST), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Faculty of Social Science and Humanities (FSSK), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
4Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment (FKAB), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

 

Flood is the most significant natural disaster in Malaysia in terms of frequency, area extent, population affected and damage. Heavy rainfall during North East Monsoon affecting the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia (widespread flood). Intense rainstorms during inter monsoon periods of April-May and August- October cause flash floods in major towns in Malaysia. Recently, Pahang State has been affected by extreme flood that had different phenomena as annual flood events in this area. Thus far, different types of flooding and causes of flooding in Malaysia have been identified, such as extensive basin flood (riverbank overflow), inundation basin flood (backwater effect from tidal influence affecting lower reaches), inland flood (poor drainage from inland flood prone area) and urban flash flood (inadequate drainage and storage systems to cater for rapid urbanization). However, these characterizations are very general and they are not intended for an integrated approach for a holistic flood disaster management in any river basin so as Pahang River Basin. This study focuses on Integrated River Basin Management approach to support flood disaster strategies for the Pahang River Basin in Malaysia. It describes the root cause and nature of flood in Pahang River Basin, the flood impact and some management and mitigation approaches or strategies for this basin. The Pahang River basin is continuously facing environmental disaster in spite of the river disaster strategy that has been implemented through planning and development program. This implies that the existing governance is not effective and if participation of stakeholders with social learning is included in the governance, a more effective reduction of environmental disaster risk in the basin will be achieved.

Key words: Integrated river basin management, disaster risk reduction, flood disaster, Pahang River Basin, Malaysia.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:

Elfithri R, Abdullah MP, Mokhtar MB, Toriman ME, Embi AF, Maulud KNA, Salleh S, Syah SH (2020). Integrated river basin management approach to support flood disaster strategies for the Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 8(4): 132-139.
 

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