Facebook Twitter Linkedin
HOME btn ABOUT US btn JOURNALS btn AUTHORS btn CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS btn SEARCH btn CONTACT US  
  home bred bred bred bred bred bred bred  

   LIST OF ACADEMIA JOURNALS

btn Academia Journal of Biotechnology

btn Journal of Business and Economic     Management

btn  Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants

btn Academia Journal of Environmental     Sciences

btn Academia Journal of Agricultural     Research

btn Academia Journal of Educational     Research

btn Academia Journal of Food Research

btn Academia Journal of Scientific     Research

btn Academia Journal of Microbiology    Research

btn  Engineering and Technology

btn Academia Journal of Pharmacy and     Pharmacology

btn Medicine and Medical Sciences

 

Classifications

  1. Acad J Sci Res

Related Articles

  1. Google Scholar

  2. PubMed


ajsrbanner

Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 9(8): 160-166, November 2021
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2021.0706
ISSN 2315-7712
2021 Academia Publishing

Abstract


Negative polarity items in Chinese existential sentences and application to machine translation

 

Accepted 26th October, 2021
 


Lifang Zhang2 and Wencheng Gao1*

1College of Foreign Languages, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, China.
2College of Foreign Languages, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, China.
 


Negation is crucial to semantics. Negative polarity items (NPI) play an important role in negation. We investigate the variety of negative polarity items which can be allowed in Chinese ESs and their licensing conditions. It is found that four types of negative polarity items can occur in Chinese ESs, that is, negative polarity adjectives, negative polarity adverbs, negative polarity wh-words, and negative polarity ‘one’ phrase as minimizer. In this study, we focus on the first two types of negative polarity items that can occur in Chinese ESs. The linguistic facts show that negative polarity adjectives in Chinese ESs can be licensed by negative sentences, yes-no interrogative sentences, A-not-A interrogative sentences, and the antecedent clause of a conditional while negative polarity adverb in Chinese ESs can only be licensed by negative sentences. We claim that negative polarity adjectives in Chinese ESs are strong NPIs while negative polarity adverbs remain weak NPIs. According to previous studies, it is often concluded that NPIs in Chinese are in general licensed by negative sentences. However, in our study we find that NPIs in Chinese ESs can also be licensed by other three types of sentences, that is, yes-no interrogative sentences, A-not-A interrogative sentences, and the antecedent clause of a conditional, as well as negative sentences. These are our new findings concerning NPIs in Chinese.


Key words: Negative polarity items, Chinese existential sentences, distribution, licensing condition.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:

Zhang L, Gao W  (2021). Negative polarity items in Chinese existential sentences and application to machine translation. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 9(8): 160-166.

Copyright 2021 Academia Publishing. All rights reserved
 Hosted by TUCOWS DOMAINS INC. Canada.