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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 9(1): 001-008, January 2021
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2021.0410
ISSN 2315-7712
©2021 Academia Publishing

Abstract


Protein profile in pterygium tissue from patients with indoor activities
 

 

Accepted 16th October, 2020

María Fernanda Suarez1, María del Carmen Piqueras2, Mabel Algeciras2, Esteban Medina3, Sanjoy K. Bhattacharya2* and Horacio Marcelo Serra1*

1Departamento Bioquímica Clínica, CIBICI-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
2Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA.
3Instituto de microcirugía Ocular Córdoba (IMOC), Argentina.

Pterygium, commonly called “surfer’s eye”, is an ocular surface disease characterized by an abnormal wing-shaped growth of epithelial and fibro vascular tissue in the corneoscleral limbus that centripetally invades the cornea, significantly distorting the surface of the eye, and initiate astigmatism and blockage of the visual axis. It is usually manifested among populations with a high exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Given that pterygium also occurs in people with normal UVR contact, we performed this study in order to determine the differential proteomic profiling between advanced pterygium from patients with normal exposure to UVR and normal conjunctiva specimens using a mass spectrometry approach. We additionally discussed our results with previous report performed with pterygium specimens from patients with high exposure to UVR. Conjunctival tissues from pterygium and healthy conjunctiva were obtained by the same surgeon from patients with pterygium in an advanced stage that did not present any other surface eye disease. All patients performed indoor activities during most daylight hours in their entire lives. All procedures were in accordance with the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. Specimens were subjected to protein extraction followed by fractionation of proteins by “in solution” digestion, and proteomic mass spectrometry analysis was done using an Orbitrap Q-Exactive mass spectrometer. Bioinformatics analysis was performed using the Thermo Proteome Discoverer 2.2 software using appropriate databases. We obtained a protein profile from pterygium and normal conjunctival tissues. Comparative profiles between both kinds of specimens showed 41 common proteins. We found 32 unique proteins in pterygium and 17 unique proteins in normal conjunctival specimens. Among the unique species found in pterygium specimens, a number of proteins involved in immune response, unfolding protein response and oxidative .stress were found consistent with the nature of the disease. The unique proteins found in pterygium tissue support the concept that its genesis involves multifactorial mechanisms. The fact that the patients studied by us were not overexposed to UVR strengthened the idea that there could be pterygia with diverse genesis.


Key words: Ocular surface, environment, degenerative disease, etiology.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:

 

Suarez MF, Piqueras MdC, Algeciras M, Medina E, Bhattacharya SK, Serra HM (2021). Protein profile in pterygium tissue from patients with indoor activities. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 9(1): 001-008.

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