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Research Article

Journal of Biological Series 2(3): 100-106, July 2019
DOI: 10.15413/jbs.2019.0112
2019 Academia Publishing

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The implications of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate on selected enzymes in the muscle and plasma of two life stages of Clarias gariepinus
 

Accepted 3rd  July, 2019

 

Uedeme-Naa B* and George A.D.I

Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environment, Faculty of Agriculture, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 

Recently, changes in enzymes concentrations are being employed in the evaluation of toxicological responses for rapid detection or to predict early warning of xenobiotic toxicity. Examinations on the chronic effects of a locally produced detergent on selected biomarker enzymes in the muscle and plasma of Clarias gariepinus juveniles and adults were carried out. Adults (mean weight, 850.00 10.22 g SD; mean length 29.20 7.12 cm SD) and Juveniles (mean weight, 246.30 14.12 g SD; mean length 16.15 1.40 cm SD) and of C. gariepinus were obtained from a Fish Farm in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, and transported in four of 50 L plastic containers to the laboratorory of the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environment, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt. Fish specimens were acclimated in rectangular plastic aquaria with 20 L of water each for seven (7) days. Detergent definitive tests of 10.00, 20.00, 30.00, 40.00 and 50.00 mg/L were obtained through a serial dilution process. Acid phosphatase (ACP), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities in the muscles and plasma of fish juvenile and adults were all altered due to the impact of detergent on the organs in the two life stages (juvenile and adult). Anthropogenic substances should be properly treated before introduction into any aquatic environment with organisms of economic importance.

Key words: Acid phosphatase (ACP), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), plasma, muscle.

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Uedeme N, George ADI (2019). The implications of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate on selected enzymes in the muscle and plasma of two life stages of Clarias gariepinus. J. Biol. Ser. 2(3): 100-106.

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